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By Philip F. Gura

The First entire historical past of Transcendentalism
American Transcendentalism is a finished narrative heritage of America's first workforce of public intellectuals, the boys and girls who outlined American literature and indelibly marked American reform within the many years sooner than and following the the United States Civil warfare. Philip F. Gura masterfully lines their highbrow family tree to transatlantic non secular and philosophical principles, illustrating how those proficient the fierce neighborhood theological debates that, so usually first in Massachusetts and finally all through the US, gave upward push to useful, own, and quixotic makes an attempt to enhance, even excellent the area. The transcendentalists might painfully bifurcate over what can be attained and the way, one part epitomized by way of Ralph Waldo Emerson and stressing self-reliant individualism, the opposite by way of Orestes Brownson, George Ripley, and Theodore Parker, emphasizing dedication to the bigger social good.
By the 1850s, the uniquely American challenge of slavery dissolved alterations as transcendentalists became ever extra completely to abolition. in addition to their early inheritance from eu Romanticism, America's transcendentalists deserted their curiosity in most cases humanitarian reform. by means of war's finish, transcendentalism had turn into pointed out completely with Emersonian self-reliance, congruent with the nationwide ethos of political liberalism and marketplace capitalism.

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At the end of May, all of the soldiers who would participate in the airborne component of Neptune were moved to their embarkation airfields and sealed in before their final briefings. On May 29, USAAF ground crews across England received orders to paint “invasion stripes” on all aircraft (with the exception of heavy bombers). It was hoped that the three white and two black stripes would prevent friendly fire incidents during the upcoming operation. Painting them on the wings and tails of almost everything that would fly on D-Day became an added sign that something of great consequence was about to happen.

M. on D-Day and then slammed into a hedgerow while still traveling more than fifty miles per hour. The crash killed the Assistant Division Commander of the 101st Airborne Division, Brig. Gen. Don F. Pratt, as well as the aircraft’s copilot, Lt. John B. Butler, whose body can still be seen in the wreckage. 5 miles southeast of SainteMère-Église. OPPOSITE TOP RIGHT: The wreckage of another Ninth Air Force CG-4A Waco glider that has met its fate among Normandy’s infamous hedgerows. The aircraft’s tail number (318885) can be seen clearly in the wreckage, as well as its invasion stripes.

Each man is wearing a reinforced M42 Jumpsuit, an 82nd Airborne Division patch on his left shoulder, and an American flag on his right shoulder. indd 54 2/6/14 10:00 AM 1/20/14 8:47 AM (Text) (Fogra 39)_Job:01-40614 Title: MBI-The Americans on D-Day 02-AC70344 #175 Dtp:221 Page:54 TOP: A C-47 Skytrain (s/n 42-93096) shortly before departing for Normandy. This aircraft flew as Serial 5, Plane 17 on its first combat mission during the predawn hours of June 6, 1944, as part Operation Neptune/Overlord—the allied invasion of Normandy.

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