This choice of 28 unique essays examines the varied scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated thinker, empiricist, and father of recent political theory.
Explores the effect of Locke’s proposal and writing throughout a number of fields together with epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of technology, political thought, schooling, faith, and economics.
Delves into crucial Lockean issues, corresponding to innate rules, conception, average types, loose will, average rights, spiritual toleration, and political liberalism.
Identifies the political, philosophical, and non secular contexts during which Locke’s perspectives built, with views from today’s top philosophers and scholars.
Offers an unparalleled reference of Locke’s contributions and his persisted impression .
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Additional info for A Companion to Locke (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)
Thus Locke can also be seen as a kind of rule utilitarian. Arneson also makes the case that very different sorts of liberals can claim Locke as a progenitor. If Locke’s emphasis on individual rights is combined with the thought that we have only negative duties to others, the result is something like Nozick’s libertarianism. Yet if his commitment to individual liberty and his social contract doctrine are combined with egalitarianism, this leads in the direction of Rawls’s social democratic liberalism.
When it does arise, it does so, according to Locke, as the result of a social contract between people who are naturally free, people in a state of nature. Sometimes he offers this as historical speculation, but A. John Simmons, in Chapter 21, cautions us that these historical claims are not really central to his project. According to Simmons, the state of nature that is Locke’s primary concern is a state into which each of us is born even now. It is a relational state – the state of not having yet tacitly or expressly consented to join into a society with some other people.
On this account, a living thing can survive the replacement of some of its parts, but a mass cannot. This is problematic, for it seems to entail that the organism can outlast a mass that briefly constitutes it. That seems to make them distinct things, and yet for a while they would seem to be two bodies at the same place at the same time. Kaufman explores a number of responses to this exegetical difficulty. Locke’s account of personal identity – which first appeared in its full dress version in the second (1694) edition of the Essay – represents a startling break from the tradition he inherited, and has proven enormously influential.